Raul Alvarez

Senior Security Reseacher Fortinet Technologies (USA)


Raul is working at Fortinet as a Senior Security Researcher/ AV Team Lead since 2004. He is also the Lead Trainer responsible for training junior AV/IPS analysts in malware analysis and reverse engineering.

He is a regular contributor in his company blog posts and also in Virus Bulletin publication. He currently have 21 published articles in Virus Bulletin.

Before Raul joined Fortinet, he was a Senior AntiVirus Engineer and an AntiVirus Trainer at TrendMicro Philippines.

Raul was also a college instructor at two major universities in the Philippines.

Challenges on Reversing Layered Malware

Malware analysis using automated tools and sandboxes is the best and fastest response against malicious file execution. We can easily determine the effects of the malware, including network activities and system infection.

Modern malware are now smarter than before, they can determine if they are being analyzed, being debugged, or simply being executed in a virtual environment. But to really know how the malware works, we have to dig deeper into its code.

Layers in malware are defense mechanisms against deep analysis. Within these layers, different malware tricks are also deployed.

In this presentation, we are going to look into Scieron, an information stealer Trojan. It is not known in the wild, perhaps due to its implementation of layers. We are going to look closely into its code on how it implements code injection and hooking. We will look into its use of shellcode and how it extracts another layer from the resource section of another layer. Also, we will investigate how it implements different layers to hide its main payload and to avoid detection.

I will show a video demo on how the layers of Scieron are executed within the debugger.

Also in this presentation, we will compare Scieron against Vawtrak, that also has layering technology in its code.

Finally, we are going to leverage Volatility, a memory forensic tool, to detect the presence of layers in an infected system.

Are you the next cyber security superstar?

If you are passionate about an information security topic or you have strong technical skills developing researches on your own, you should definitely Apply at Call for Papers. By submitting you will have the chance to showcase your work to +2000 attendees.

Other speakers joining this year

Alexandru Balan

Chief Security Researcher Bitdefender

Danijel Grah

Security Consultant Viris (SI)

Rogerio Winter

Brazilian Army (BR)

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Orange Romania is part of the Orange Group, one of the largest global telecommunications operators that connects hundreds of millions of customers worldwide. With over 11 million local customers and an annual turnover exceeding 1.5 billion euros, Orange Romania connects 1 in 2 Romanians and offers an extensive range of communication solutions for both individual and corporate customers, from basic connectivity services to complete mobile, fixed internet, TV packages, and complex IT&C solutions through Orange Business

Orange Romania is the number 1 operator in terms of network performance, and also holds nine consecutive Top Employer certifications, which confirm that Orange Romania, in addition to the remarkable products and services it offers, pays special attention to its employees and working environment. In the past 3 years Orange has launched two 5G Labs in Bucharest and Iasi, that aim to support researchers, startups and companies to test their 5G solutions in advance. 

In addition, Orange is a long-term supporter of the startup ecosystem through the Orange Fab accelerator program designed to support entrepreneurs in the development of innovative products and their distribution locally and internationally.

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