Security QA Lead Intel's Open Source Technology Center (RO)
I started down the path of information security long before my professional career started because of my intense desire to understand how things really worked underneath everything. I am currently the Security QA lead in Intel’s Open Source Technology Center here in Bucharest. We are a team that focuses on the security of numerous open source projects including Android, IOT, Crosswalk, Tizen and many others.
We hunt security bugs by doing feature validation, penetration testing, source code analysis and fuzzing.
Finding media bugs in Android using file format fuzzing
The presentation will give a brief overview on the topic of file format fuzzing and how this process can lead to the discovery of vulnerabilities inside different software components and then focus on exposing how this approach can be used inside an Android environment, more precisely to target the media framework in Android.
A custom fuzzing tool has been developed for this purpose and had good results in terms of discovered issues.The main idea behind developing this fuzzing tool is to create corrupt but structurally valid media files, direct them to the appropriate software components in Android to be decoded and/or played and monitor the system for potential issues (i.e system crashes) that may lead to exploitable vulnerabilities. The malformed audio and video files are created in an automated manner using several open-source tools that have been modified for this project. Custom developed Python scripts are used to send the malformed data across a distributed infrastructure of Android devices, log the findings and monitor for possible issues, in an automated manner. The actual decoding of the media files on the Android devices is done using the Stagefright framework, which represents the core of the media stack in Android and permits decoding media files using both software and hardware decoders.
An example of a fuzzing campaign for this scenario would be as follows: the fuzzing tool was left to run for a period of 8 weeks. During this time, a number of approximately 1 million media files were sent for decoding to the fuzzing infrastructure. This produced an unexpected result of 185000 crashes. After implementing a triage mechanism to sort out through the crashes, a number of 35 unique issues remained. Other similar campaigns were run over time and a total of 4 CVE entries were issued by Google and many bugs are still under consideration.
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Orange Romania is the leader of the local telecom market and part of the Orange Group, one of the largest global telecommunications operators, connecting hundreds of millions of customers worldwide. With over 11 million customers and an annual turnover exceeding 1.5 billion euros, Orange Romania connects 1 in 2 Romanians and offers an extensive range of communication solutions to its customers, both individual users and companies, from basic services up to complete voice services, fixed and mobile data, TV services or smart home services, but also mobile financial services. Orange is also a leader in innovation investing yearly over 200 million euros in network infrastructure and R&D initiatives in Romania. In the past 3 years Orange has launched two 5G Labs in Bucharest and Iasi, that aim to support researchers, startups and companies to test their 5G solutions in advance. In addition, Orange is a long-term supporter of the startup ecosystem through the Orange Fab accelerator program designed to support entrepreneurs in the development of innovative products and their distribution locally and internationally.
Orange Services was created in 2013 and is a 100% owned subsidiary of Orange Group. As a technology services company, our DNA is in IT, but our teams also work in other domains including mobile networks and a number of commercial and business functions. Orange Services is one of the largest technology hubs in the Orange Group, working internationally for both Orange corporate functions and country operations. Through a unique combination of cutting edge know-how and expertise, our teams provide a broad range of services: development and supervision of IT services in domains such as Big Data, Cloud, M2M, IoT, TV, Connected Objects; design and development of IT infrastructure and desktop solutions; testing & planning for mobile networks; implementation of supply chain solutions and also improvement of commercial & business performance including BI, CRM, Analytics, Digital learning and Customer Care. Visit us on LinkedIn.