Ethical Hacker Royal Dutch Telecom (NL)
Omer works as an Ethical Hacker for KPN’s (Royal Dutch Telecom) REDteam in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. He enjoys diving into lines of code to spot bugs, tinkering in front of the debugger and developing wise tactics/tools to break applications on his day to day work. Prior to joining KPN REDteam, Omer worked for companies like IBM ISS, Verizon and as an external government contractor. He holds an Honour’s Engineering degree in Computer Science.
Why nation-state malwares target Telco Networks: Dissecting technical capabilities of Regin and its counterparts
The recent research in malware analysis suggests state actors allegedly use cyber espionage campaigns against GSM networks. Analysis of state-sponsored malwares such like Flame, Duqu, Uruborus and the Regin revealed that these were designed to sustain long-term intelligence-gathering operations by remaining under the radar. Antivirus companies made a great job in revealing technical details of the attack campaigns, however, it exclusively has almost focused on the executables or the memory dump of the infected systems – the research hasn’t been simulated in a real environment.
GSM networks still use ancient protocols; Signaling System 7 (SS7), GPRS Tunneling Protocol (GTP) and the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) which contain loads of vulnerable components. Malware authors totally aware of it and weaponing exploits within their campaigns to grab encrypted and unencrypted streams of private communications handled by the Telecom companies. For instance, Regin was developed as a framework that can be customized with a wide range of different capabilities, one of the most interesting ability to monitor GSM networks.
In this talk, we are going to break down the Regin framework stages from a reverse engineering perspective – kernel driver infection scheme, virtual file system and its encryption scheme, kernel mode manager- while analyzing its behaviors on a GSM network and making technical comparison of its counterparts – such as TDL4, Uruborus, Duqu2.
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Orange Romania is the leader of the local telecom market and part of the Orange Group, one of the largest global telecommunications operators, connecting hundreds of millions of customers worldwide. With over 11 million customers and an annual turnover exceeding 1.5 billion euros, Orange Romania connects 1 in 2 Romanians and offers an extensive range of communication solutions to its customers, both individual users and companies, from basic services up to complete voice services, fixed and mobile data, TV services or smart home services, but also mobile financial services. Orange is also a leader in innovation investing yearly over 200 million euros in network infrastructure and R&D initiatives in Romania. In the past 3 years Orange has launched two 5G Labs in Bucharest and Iasi, that aim to support researchers, startups and companies to test their 5G solutions in advance. In addition, Orange is a long-term supporter of the startup ecosystem through the Orange Fab accelerator program designed to support entrepreneurs in the development of innovative products and their distribution locally and internationally.
Orange Services was created in 2013 and is a 100% owned subsidiary of Orange Group. As a technology services company, our DNA is in IT, but our teams also work in other domains including mobile networks and a number of commercial and business functions. Orange Services is one of the largest technology hubs in the Orange Group, working internationally for both Orange corporate functions and country operations. Through a unique combination of cutting edge know-how and expertise, our teams provide a broad range of services: development and supervision of IT services in domains such as Big Data, Cloud, M2M, IoT, TV, Connected Objects; design and development of IT infrastructure and desktop solutions; testing & planning for mobile networks; implementation of supply chain solutions and also improvement of commercial & business performance including BI, CRM, Analytics, Digital learning and Customer Care. Visit us on LinkedIn.